Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Set Up OpenVPN Server In 5 Minutes nixCraft

I am a new Ubuntu Linux 18.04 LTS server user. How do I set up an OpenVPN Server on Ubuntu Linux version 18.04 LTS server to shield my browsing activity from bad guys on public Wi-Fi, and more?

Introduction OpenVPN is a full-featured SSL VPN (virtual private network). It implements OSI layer 2 or 3 secure network extension using the SSL/TLS protocol. It is an open source software and distributed under the GNU GPL. A VPN allows you to connect securely to an insecure public network such as wifi network at the airport or hotel. VPN is also required to access your corporate or enterprise or home server resources. You can bypass the geo-blocked site and increase your privacy or safety online. This tutorial provides step-by-step instructions for configuring an OpenVPN server on Ubuntu Linux 18.04 LTS server.

Procedure: Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Set Up OpenVPN Server In 5 Minutes

The steps are as follows:

Step 1 – Update your system

Run the apt command/apt-get command:
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt upgrade

Step 2 – Find and note down your IP address

Use the ip command as follows:
$ ip a
$ ip a show eth0

ip command get my IP address on Ubuntu Linux 18.04 LTS
Another option is to run the following dig command/host command to find out your public IP address from Linux command line:
$ dig +short myip.opendns.com @resolver1.opendns.com
OR
dig TXT +short o-o.myaddr.l.google.com @ns1.google.com | awk -F'"' '{ print $2}'
Find out my public IP address using the CLI

A note about IP address

Most cloud servers have two types of IP address:

  1. Public static IP address directly assigned to your box and routed from the Internet. For example, Linode, Digital Ocean, and others gives you direct public IP address.
  2. Private static IP address directly attached to your server and your server is behind NAT with public IP address. For example, AWS EC2/Lightsail give you this kind of NAT public IP address.

The script will automatically detect your networking setup. All you have to do is provide correct IP address when asked for it.

Step 3 – Download and run openvpn-install.sh script

I am going to use the wget command:
$ wget https://git.io/vpn -O openvpn-install.sh
Download openvpn-install.sh script to setup OpenVPN server in 5 minutes on Ubuntu
Setup permissions using the chmod command
$ chmod +x openvpn-install.sh
One can view the script using a text editor such as nano/vim:
$ vim openvpn-install.sh

Run openvpn-install.sh to install OpenVPN server

Now all you have to do is:
$ sudo ./openvpn-install.sh
Sample session from AWS/Lightsail where my cloud server is behind NAT:
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Setup OpenVPN Server In 5 Minutes
Sample session from Linode/DO server where cloud server has direct public IPv4 address:
How To Setup OpenVPN Server In 5 Minutes on Ubuntu Linux
To avoid problem always choose DNS as 1.1.1.1 or Google DNS. Those are fast DNS server and reached from anywhere on the Internet.

How do I start/stop/restart OpenVPN server on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS?

$ sudo systemctl stop openvpn@server # <--- stop server
$ sudo systemctl start openvpn@server # <--- start server
$ sudo systemctl restart openvpn@server # <--- restart server
$ sudo systemctl status openvpn@server # <--- get server status

Step 4 – Connect an OpenVPN server using IOS/Android/Linux/Windows client

On server your will find a client configuration file called ~/desktop.ovpn. All you have to do is copy this file to your local desktop using the scp command:
$ scp vivek@104.20.187.5:~/deskcop.ovpn .
Next, provide this file to your OpenVPN client to connect:

  1. Apple iOS client
  2. Android client
  3. Apple MacOS (OS X) client
  4. Windows 8/10 client

Linux Desktop: OpenVPN client configuration

First, install the openvpn client for your desktop, enter:
$ sudo yum install openvpn
OR
$ sudo apt install openvpn
Next, copy desktop.ovpn as follows:
$ sudo cp desktop.ovpn /etc/openvpn/client.conf
Test connectivity from the CLI:
$ sudo openvpn --client --config /etc/openvpn/desktop.conf
Your Linux system will automatically connect when computer restart using openvpn script/service:
$ sudo systemctl start openvpn@client # <--- start client service

Step 5 – Verify/test the connectivity

Execute the following commands after connecting to OpenVPN server from your Linux desktop:
$ ping 10.8.0.1 #Ping to the OpenVPN server gateway
$ ip route #Make sure routing setup working
$ dig TXT +short o-o.myaddr.l.google.com @ns1.google.com #Must return public IP address of OpenVPN server

A note about trouble shooting OpenVPN server and client issues

Check OpenVPN server for errors:
$ journalctl --identifier ovpn-server

OpenVPN server log files and error
Click to enlarge image

Is firewall rule setup correctly on your server? Use the cat command to see rules:
$ cat /etc/rc.local

#!/bin/sh -e
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to 172.26.6.74
exit 0

Another option is to run iptables command and sysctl command commands to verify NAT rule setup on your server:
$ sudo iptables -t nat -L -n -v
$ sysctl net.ipv4.ip_forward

NAT Firewall OpenVPN Rules Verification
Insert the rules if not inserted from /etc/rc.local
$ sudo sh /etc/rc.local
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

Is OpenVPN server running and port is open? Use the ss command or netstat command and pidof command/ps command:
$ netstat -tulpn | grep :1194 ## 1194 is the openvpn server port ##
$ ss -tulpn | grep :1194 ## 1194 is the openvpn server port ##
$ ps aux | grep openvpn ## is the openvpn server running? ##
$ ps -C openvpn ## is the openvpn server running? ##
$ pidof openvpn ## find the openvpn server PID ##

Verify that OpenVPN server runnign and Port is Open on ubuntu Linux
If not running, restart the OpenVPN server:
$ sudo systemctl restart openvpn@server
Look out for errors:
$ sudo systemctl status openvpn@server
Can the Linux desktop client connect to the OpenVPN server machine? First you need to run a simple test to see if the OpenVPN server port (UDP 1194) accepts connections:
$ nc -vu 104.20.187.5 1194
Connection to 104.20.187.5 1194 port [udp/openvpn] succeeded!

If not connected it means either a Linux desktop firewall or your router is blocking access to server. Make sure both client and server using same protocol and port, e.g. UDP port 1194.

Conclusion

Congratulations. You successfully set up an OpenVPN server on Ubuntu Linux 18.04 LTS server running in the cloud. See the OpenVPN website here and Ubuntu page here for additional information.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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