Linux Command To Find SATA Link Speed Such as 1.5 / 3.0 / 6.0 Gbps [ Hard Disk ] nixCraft Updated Tutorials/Posts

How do I find out my SATA link speed? How do I make sure my sata hard disk is working at 6Gbps speed and how do I verify this on a Linux server running on HP or IBM amd64 hardware?

Introduction: You need to go through the dmesg command output or a log file called /var/log/messages or /var/log/syslog. You can also use smartctl command to find out information about hard disk and current link speed on Linux based system.

A note about SATA revision

  • SATA REVISION => SPEED ({Gbit|MB}/s)
  • SATA revision 1.0 => 1.5 Gbit/s, 150 MB/s
  • SATA revision 2.0 => 3 Gbit/s, 300 MB/s
  • SATA revision 3.0 => 6 Gbit/s, 600 MB/s
  • SATA revision 3.2 => 16 Gbit/s, 1969 MB/s

Linux Command To Find SATA Link Speed Such as 1.5 / 3.0 / 6.0 / 16.0 Gbps

You need to use the following commands:

  1. dmesg command – Display the Linux kernel ring buffer.
  2. smartctl command – Control and monitor command for SMART hard disks or SSDs.

Let us see all examples in details.

dmesg command examples

Open the Terminal or login using ssh command and than type the following command:

dmesg | grep -i sata | grep 'link up'

Sample outputs:

[ 18.120000] ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl F300)
[ 39.530000] ata2: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl F300)

Here is another example:

dmesg | grep -i --color ahci
dmesg | grep -i ahci | grep -i --color Gbps

Sample outputs:

[ 1.161418] ahci 0000:00:11.0: version 3.0
[ 1.161713] ahci 0000:00:11.0: irq 72 for MSI/MSI-X
[ 1.161776] ahci 0000:00:11.0: AHCI 0001.0300 32 slots 1 ports 6 Gbps 0x1 impl SATA mode
[ 1.161783] ahci 0000:00:11.0: flags: 64bit ncq sntf ilck pm led clo pmp fbs pio slum part [ 1.162116] scsi0 : ahci

You can find same info using /var/log/messages:
# grep -i SATA /var/log/messages | grep --color -i 'link up'
Sample outputs:

Sep 2 14:56:50 wks01 kernel: [25518.962661] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
Sep 2 14:56:50 wks01 kernel: [25520.158303] ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 2 14:56:50 wks01 kernel: [25521.117722] ata3: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 2 22:09:06 wks01 kernel: [ 3.451270] ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 2 22:09:06 wks01 kernel: [ 3.823019] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
Sep 2 22:09:06 wks01 kernel: [ 4.154815] ata3: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 3 04:14:11 wks01 kernel: [ 3.486897] ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 3 04:14:11 wks01 kernel: [ 3.858745] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
Sep 3 04:14:11 wks01 kernel: [ 4.186682] ata3: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 3 09:17:10 wks01 kernel: [ 3.538938] ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 3 09:17:10 wks01 kernel: [ 3.906824] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
Sep 3 09:17:10 wks01 kernel: [ 4.234739] ata3: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 4 04:13:33 wks01 kernel: [ 3.510810] ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)
Sep 4 04:13:33 wks01 kernel: [ 3.878764] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
Sep 4 04:13:33 wks01 kernel: [ 4.206646] ata3: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300)

Please note that on modern Linux distro /var/log/messages may be replaced with /var/log/syslog:
# grep -i SATA /var/log/syslog | grep --color -i 'link up'

Use smartctl command to find out SATA speed info on Linux

Type the following command as root user:

sudo smartctl -a /dev/DEVICE-NAME-HERE
sudo smartctl -i /dev/DEVICE-NAME-HERE
sudo smartctl -a /dev/sda | grep "^SATA"
sudo smartctl -i /dev/sdb | grep "^SATA"
sudo smartctl -a /dev/sda
sudo smartctl -i /dev/sdb

Sample outputs:

smartctl 6.2 2013-07-26 r3841 [x86_64-linux-3.11.10-301.fc20.x86_64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-13, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org === START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family: Hitachi/HGST Travelstar Z7K500
Device Model: HGST HTS725050A7E630
Serial Number: REMOVED
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000cca 77edc5bc0
Firmware Version: GH2ZB550
User Capacity: 500,107,862,016 bytes [500 GB]
Sector Sizes: 512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate: 7200 rpm
Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 6
SATA Version is: SATA 2.6, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is: Sat May 31 02:49:23 2014 IST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled === START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED 

Putting it all together

Gif 01: Linux commands to find out SATA link speed
Gif 01: Linux commands to find out SATA link speed

Find Linux SATA link speed with hdparm command

To get SATA hard disk link speed, type:

sudo hdparm -I /dev/DEVICE-NAME-HERE | egrep "Model|speed"
sudo hdparm -I /dev/sda | egrep "Model|speed|Transport"

Sample outputs:

 Model Number: WDC WD1600BEVS-08VAT2 Transport: Serial, SATA 1.0a, SATA II Extensions, SATA Rev 2.5 * Gen1 signaling speed (1.5Gb/s)

A shell script to find out Linux stata port speed info

#/bin/sh
# findstatlink.sh : This script is contributed by Shawn Hicks at
# https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/linux-command-to-find-sata-harddisk-link-speed/#comment-114440
# ------
for i in `grep -l Gbps /sys/class/ata_link/*/sata_spd`; do echo Link "${i%/*}" Speed `cat $i` cat "${i%/*}"/device/dev*/ata_device/dev*/id | perl -nE 's/([0-9a-f]{2})/print chr hex $1/gie' | echo " " Device `strings` | cut -f 1-3
done

Sample outputs:

./findstatlink.sh
Link /sys/class/ata_link/link2 Speed 3.0 Gbps Device 9WM0xxxx CC12 ST32000641AS )4k} Ac4i
Link /sys/class/ata_link/link3 Speed 3.0 Gbps Device 9WM0yyyy CC12 ST32000641AS )4k} Ac4i
Link /sys/class/ata_link/link4 Speed 3.0 Gbps Device 9WM0zzzz CC12 ST32000641AS )4k} Ac4i
Link /sys/class/ata_link/link5 Speed 3.0 Gbps Device S1E0bbbb CC24 ST2000DM001-1CH164 )4k} Ac4i Ac@
Link /sys/class/ata_link/link6 Speed 3.0 Gbps Device 9WM0cccc CC12 ST32000641AS )4k} Ac4i

Here is outputs from all of above commands:
Linux Command To Find SATA Link Speed for Hard Disk and SSD

Conclusion

And there you have it; now you know how to find out your SATA link speed on Linux. The higher disk speed means a smoother experience for you on the desktop or a better server response for your web apps.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

Facebook Comments
Spread the love

Posted by News Monkey