How to Install Group of Packages Using Yum on CentOS and RHEL

On CentOS/RHEL, you can either install packages individually or install multiple packages in a single operation in a group. Package group contain packages that perform related tasks such as development tools, web server (for example LAMP or LEMP), desktop (a minimal desktop that can as well be employed as a thin client) and many more.

Read Also: 3 Ways to List All Installed Packages in RHEL, CentOS and Fedora

In this guide, we will explain how how to install a group of packages with YUM package manager in CentOS, RHEL and Fedora distributions.

From yum version 3.4.2, the groups command was introduced, and now works on Fedora-19+ and CentOS/RHEL-7+; it brings together all the subcommands for dealing with groups.


To list available available groups from all yum repos, use the list subcommand as follows:

# yum groups list
OR
# yum grouplist

Yum Group Package Listing

Loaded plugins: changelog, fastestmirror
There is no installed groups file.
Maybe run: yum groups mark convert (see man yum)
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirrors.linode.com
* epel: mirror.freethought-internet.co.uk
* extras: mirrors.linode.com
* updates: mirrors.linode.com
Available Environment Groups:
Minimal Install
Compute Node
Infrastructure Server
File and Print Server
MATE Desktop
Basic Web Server
Virtualization Host
Server with GUI
GNOME Desktop
KDE Plasma Workspaces
Development and Creative Workstation
Available Groups:
CIFS file server
Compatibility Libraries
Console Internet Tools
....

You can see the total number of groups using the summary subcommand:

# yum groups summary

List Total Yum Groups

Loaded plugins: changelog, fastestmirror
There is no installed groups file.
Maybe run: yum groups mark convert (see man yum)
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirrors.linode.com
* epel: mirror.freethought-internet.co.uk
* extras: mirrors.linode.com
* updates: mirrors.linode.com
Available Environment Groups: 11
Available Groups: 38
Done

Before you proceed to install a group of packages, you can view the group ID, a short description of the group and the various packages it contains under different categories (mandatory, default and optional packages) using info subcommand.

# yum groups info "Development Tools"

List Group Info and Packages

Loaded plugins: changelog, fastestmirror
There is no installed groups file.
Maybe run: yum groups mark convert (see man yum)
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirrors.linode.com
* epel: mirror.freethought-internet.co.uk
* extras: mirrors.linode.com
* updates: mirrors.linode.com
Group: Development Tools
Group-Id: development
Description: A basic development environment.
Mandatory Packages:
+autoconf
+automake
binutils
+bison
+flex
gcc
+gcc-c++
gettext
+libtool
make
+patch
pkgconfig
redhat-rpm-config
+rpm-build
+rpm-sign
...

To install a group of packages, for instance development tools (basic development environment), use the install subcommand as follows.

# yum groups install "Development Tools"

Install Group of Packages

Loaded plugins: changelog, fastestmirror
There is no installed groups file.
Maybe run: yum groups mark convert (see man yum)
base | 3.6 kB 00:00:00 epel/x86_64/metalink | 23 kB 00:00:00 epel | 4.3 kB 00:00:00 extras | 3.4 kB 00:00:00 mariadb | 2.9 kB 00:00:00 updates | 3.4 kB 00:00:00 (1/4): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db | 129 kB 00:00:15 (2/4): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db | 3.6 MB 00:00:15 (3/4): epel/x86_64/primary_db | 6.1 MB 00:00:15 (4/4): epel/x86_64/updateinfo | 838 kB 00:00:15 Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirrors.linode.com
* epel: mirror.freethought-internet.co.uk
* extras: mirrors.linode.com
* updates: mirrors.linode.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package autoconf.noarch 0:2.69-11.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: m4 >= 1.4.14 for package: autoconf-2.69-11.el7.noarch
---> Package automake.noarch 0:1.13.4-3.el7 will be installed
...

To remove a group (which erases all packages in the group from the system), simply use remove subcommand.

# yum groups remove "Development Tools"

You can also mark a group as installed with the command below.

# yum groups mark install "Development Tools"

That’s all for now! You can find more subcommands and their explanations under the groups subsection in the yum man page.

You might also like to read these following articles on Yum package manager.

  1. How to Install and Use ‘yum-utils’ to Maintain Yum and Boost its Performance
  2. 4 Ways to Disable/Lock Certain Package Updates Using Yum Command
  3. How to Fix Yum Error: Database Disk Image is Malformed
  4. How to Use ‘Yum History’ to Find Out Installed or Removed Packages Info

In this guide, we have explained how to install a group of packages with YUM package manager in CentOS, RHEL and Fedora. Use the comment form below to send us your queries or views concerning this article.

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