How to install and configure OpenVPN client on OpenBSD nixCraft

I have a file named openvpn.client.ovpn. How do I use this file to connect my OpenBSD based desktop to remote OpenVPN server and setup secure VPN? How do I configure OpenVPN client on OpenBSD Unix system?

Introduction: OpenBSD is a free and open source operating system with a strong focus on security. OpenVPN is a free and open-source software application that implements virtual private network (VPN) techniques to create secure point-to-point or site-to-site connections. This page shows how to install OpenVPN on a OpenBSD desktop and connect to the remote OpenVPN server using a .ovpn file.

How to configure OpenVPN client on OpenBSD desktop

You need to use the pkg_add command to install or update software packages on OpenBSD based system. The syntax is pretty simple:
pkg_add pkgNameHere
pkg_add -v pkgNameHere

Make sure /etc/installurl setup correctly. Here is a sample /etc/installurl displayed using the cat command:
$ cat /etc/installurl
https://cloudflare.cdn.openbsd.org/pub/OpenBSD

Install OpenVPN on OpenBSD

To install openvpn just type the following pkg_add command:
# pkg_add -v openvpn
How to install and configure OpenVPN client on OpenBSD

OpenVPN client configuration on OpenBSD

I am assuming that you have a file named openbsd.ovpn. The format is as follows:
cat openbsd.ovpn
Sample outputs:

client
dev tun
proto tcp
sndbuf 0
rcvbuf 0
remote 131.x.y.z 443
resolv-retry infinite
nobind
persist-key
persist-tun
remote-cert-tls server
cipher AES-128-CBC
comp-lzo
setenv opt block-outside-dns
key-direction 1
verb 3
<ca>
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----
.....
..
...
-----END CERTIFICATE------
</ca>
<cert>
Certificate: Data: Version: 3 (0x2)
.....
..
..-----END OpenVPN Static key V1-----
</tls-auth>

Install OpenVPN config file

Make a directory using the mkdir command:
# mkdir /etc/openvpn/
Copy openbsd.ovpn file from remote openvpn server using the openvpn command (see how to setup OpenVPN server on a Debian Linux or Ubuntu Linux) :
# scp vivek@openvpn-linode-box:~/.openvpn/openbsd.ovpn /etc/openvpn/

Create a file named /etc/hostname.tun0

Use a text editor such as vi command:
# vi /etc/hostname.tun0
Append the following config:

up
!/usr/local/sbin/openvpn --daemon --config /etc/openvpn/openbsd.ovpn

Save and close the file in vi/vim.
OpenVPN normally re-creates the tun/tap interface at startup. OpenVPN should be started from the hostname.tun0.

Running openvpn on OpenBSD

No need to reboot the desktop. You can bring VPN online using the following command:
# /usr/local/sbin/openvpn --daemon --config /etc/openvpn/openbsd.ovpn

Verification

Use the ifconfig command to see tun0 interface:
# ifconfig tun0
Running openvpn on OpenBSD
Get routing info:
# netstat -nr
# netstat -nr -f inet | more

Make sure you can ping the gateway using the ping command:
$ ping 10.8.0.1
$ ping google.com
#######################################################################
### your vpn server also act as a dns server to hide dns queries too ##
$ host cyberciti.biz 10.8.0.1

Finally find out your public IP address from the command line on OpenBSD using host command/dig command:
$ dig +short myip.opendns.com @resolver1.opendns.com
OR
$ host myip.opendns.com resolver1.opendns.com
Sample VPN server IP address:

"131.x.y.z"

Conclusion

And there you have it, OpenVPN client running suceesfully on OpenBSD desktop. For more info see this page here and here.

Posted by: Vivek Gite

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

Facebook Comments
Spread the love

Posted by News Monkey