Hello folks. First of all, my apologies for the delay of the last part of this cluster series. Let’s get on to work without getting any more delayed.
As we many of you have completed all three previous parts, I will brief you what we have completed so far. Now we already have enough knowledge to install and configure cluster packages for two nodes and enable fencing and failover in a clustered environment.
You can refer my previous parts if you don’t remember since it took a little longer to post the last part.
Introduction to Linux Clustering and Advantages/Disadvanges of Clustering – Part 1
How to Install and Configure Cluster with Two Nodes in Linux – Part 2
Fencing and Adding a Failover to Clustering – Part 3
We will start by adding resources to the cluster. In this case we can add a file system or a web service as your need. Now I have /dev/sda3 partition mounted to /x01 which I wish to add as a file system resource.
1. I use below command to add a file system as a resource:
# ccs -h 172.16.1.250 --addresource fs name=my_fs device=/dev/mapper/tecminttest_lv_vol01 mountpoint=/x01 fstype=ext3
Additionally, if you want to add a service also, you can by using below methodology. Issue the following command.
# ccs -h 172.16.1.250 --addservice my_web domain=testdomain recovery=relocate autostart=1
You can verify it by viewing the
cluster.conf file as we did in previous lessons.
2. Now enter following entry in cluster.conf file to add a reference tag to the service.
3. All set. No we will see how we can sync the configurations we made to cluster among the 2 nodes we have. Following command will do the needful.
# ccs -h 172.16.1.250 --sync --activate
Note: Enter passwords we set for ricci in the early stages when we were installing packages.
You can verify your configurations by using below command.
# ccs -h 172.16.1.250 --checkconf
4. Now it’s time to start the things up. You can use one of below commands as you prefer.
To start only one node use the command with relevant IP.
# ccs -h 172.16.1.222 start
Or if you want to start all nodes use
--startall option as follows.
# ccs -h 172.16.1.250 –startall
You can use stop or
--stopall if you needed to stop the cluster.
In a scenario like if you wanted to start the cluster without enabling the resources (resources will automatically be enabled when the cluster is started), like a situation where you have intentionally disabled the resources in a particular node in order to disable fencing loops, you don’t want to enable those resources when the cluster is starting.
For that purpose you can use below command which starts the cluster but does not enable the resources.
# ccs -h 172.16.1.250 --startall --noenable
5. After the cluster has been started up, you can view the stats by issuing clustat command.
Above output says there are two nodes in the cluster and both are up and running at the moment.
6. You can remember we have added a failover mechanism in our previous lessons. Want to check it works? This is how you do it. Force shutdown one node and look for cluster stats using clustat command for the results of failover.
I have shut down my node02server(172.16.1.223) using shutdown -h now command. Then executed clustat command from my cluster_server(172.16.1.250).
Above output clarifies you that node 1 is online while node 2 has gone offline as we shut it down. Yet service and the file system we shared are still online as you can see if you check it on node01 which is online.
# df -h /x01
cluster.conf file with whole config set relevant to our setup used for tecmint.
<?xml version="1.0"?> <cluster config_version="15" name="tecmint_cluster"> <fence_daemon post_join_delay="10"/> <clusternodes> <clusternode name="172.16.1.222" nodeid="1"> <fence> <method name="Method01"> <device name="tecmintfence"/> </method> </fence> </clusternode> <clusternode name="172.16.1.223" nodeid="2"> <fence> <method name="Method01"> <device name="tecmintfence"/> </method> </fence> </clusternode> </clusternodes> <cman/> <fencedevices> <fencedevice agent="fence_virt" name="tecmintfence"/> </fencedevices> <rm> <failoverdomains> <failoverdomain name="tecmintfod" nofailback="0" ordered="1" restricted="0"> <failoverdomainnode name="172.16.1.222" priority="1"/> <failoverdomainnode name="172.16.1.223" priority="2"/> </failoverdomain> </failoverdomains> <resources> <fs device="/dev/mapper/tecminttest_lv_vol01" fstype="ext3" mountpoint="/x01" name="my_fs"/> </resources> <service autostart="1" domain="testdomain" name="my_web" recovery="relocate"/> <fs ref="my_fs"/> </rm> </cluster>
Hope you’ll enjoyed the whole series of clustering lessons. Keep in touch with tecmint for more handy guides everyday and feel free to comment your ideas and queries.