Elementary OS is a Ubuntu based GNU/Linux distribution, which started as a theme and application set for Ubuntu. From eye-candy theme and wallpaper it turns out to be an independent Linux distribution. It inherits legacy of Ubuntu OS and shares Ubuntu’s software Center for package management. It is known for its lightweight nature which is low on resource that makes it easy to run on old PCS, simple yet effective user interface, beautiful themes and wallpaper serves as an eye-candy to users and one of the best Linux OS for Linux newbies.
It uses Midori-as web Browser, Plank-as dock, Pantheon-as shell, Scratch-as text editor, Gala(based on Mutter) as windows Manager, Pantheon Greeter-Session Manager, Geary-email client, Maya-Desktop Calendar, Noise-Audio Player, Pantheon Files- file manager and other applications that are closely associated with the OS.
Features of Elementary OS Freya
- Supported File System : Btrfs, ext4, ext3, JFS, ReiserFS and XFS.
- Installation : Graphical
- Package Management : DEB
- Default Desktop : Pantheon
- Architecture Support : x86 and x86_64
- Latest Gtk+, Openssh, Openssl, Python, Samba, Vim, Xorg-server, Perl, etc.
- Powered by Linux Kernel 3.16
- Using grub 2.02 beta2 (Latest stable release of grub is 2.0).
- Using systemd (204)
- Beautiful set of themes and wallpapers. Great combination of design and appearance.
- Requires least Maintenance and can be installed virtually anywhere and everywhere.
- Processing is at lightening speed.
- Installation is straight and easy.
Interesting to Know
Freya was initially names as Isis by Daniel Foré, the project leader, later it was renamed to ‘Freya‘ to avoid any association with the ISIS. It is based upon Ubuntu 14.04 LTS.
Download Elementary OS 0.3 Freya ISO
It is absolutely free to use Elementary OS. Free as in the beer as well as free as in the speech. If you want to donate to this awesome project you may click on the amount ‘pay it and Download‘. You may add custom amount, if you want. If you don’t want to pay to freya at this time you may just download and install by entering ‘0‘ in the custom field.
After you’ve downloaded the ISO image from official site of elementary OS for your system architecture, we will install and test it.
Installing Elementary OS 0.3 Freya
1. Burn the Image to CD/DVD disk or you may like to make your USB stick bootable. If you are going to make your USB stick bootable to boot and Install freya, you may like to visit the below article, where we have discussed ways to make a USB stick bootable.
2. After making bootable CD/DVD or USB stick, insert your bootable media and select boot option from BIOS and restart machine to boot from bootable media.
3. After booting elementary OS, you may try it before Installing. Here I will be Installing directly as I have tested it earlier. Click “Install Elementary”.
4. You need at least 6.5 GB of drive space and make sure the laptop/PC is plugged to a power-source. You may need to connect to Internet if you want the updates to be installed during OS Installation.
It will take a little longer and hence I didn’t opted for “Download updates while Installing”. Moreover I don’t need any third party software. If you need you may select the option from here and click Continue.
5. The Installation type – I chose Something else so that I can manually partition the disk and control the location. If you have taken necessary backup and want to wipe everything (including other OS) you may select the first option “Erase and install elementary” and click Continue.
6. The resulting window – select your disk and click “New Partition Table”.
7. You get a notification about partitioning the entire device. Click Continue.
8. We are creating /boot partition first. Enter Size, set it to be Primary partition, Let the location be “Beginning of the Space”, use Ext4 journaling file system, don’t forget to enter Mount Point and click “OK”. You may Enter your custom size, if you want.
9. Now select “Free Space” and click on ‘+‘ from bottom left to create Swap partition. Enter Size and in ‘Use as‘ box select “swap area”. Leave everything as it is unless you know what you are doing, finally click on OK.
10. Again select “Free Space” and click on ‘+‘ from bottom left to create Root (/) partition, then Commit all the space available and click on OK to continue…
11. After making all three partitions, you will get the following Interface, click on Install Now.
12. The message – Write changes to disk? Click Continue.
13. Select your Geographical Location and click Continue.